The paper has ramifications not only for American social studies education but also for related subjects such as civics and citizenship education elsewhere.
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Journal Intercultural Education Volume 22, - Issue 1. Submit an article Journal homepage. Ayman K.
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HUB - Perspectives on Globalization - Acalog ACMS™
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Shibboleth OpenAthens. The forced retreat triggered by the only rudimentarily equipped but thoroughly disciplined Chinese - Mao had established the People's Republic just a year earlier - shocked the superpower.
In Washington, President Truman threatened China with nuclear war. MacArthur drew up a list of 26 possible targets in China and North Korea. But things never escalated to that point. Instead, the two opposing forces reached a truce on the 38th parallel. But now the Chinese are reasserting themselves in Asia. Turning on their diplomatic charm, they have used the allure of China's huge market to entice Asia's tiger states.
By , China intends to set up a free-trade zone of about two billion people with the ASEAN countries - making it the world's largest economic bloc. As part of its kid-glove diplomacy, Beijing is also winning over its neighbors one by one with bilateral agreements. At the end of April, for instance, President Hu Jintao sealed a strategic partnership with Indonesia aimed, among other things, at joint exploitation of the country's oil and gas reserves.
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China has already replaced the United States as the leading supplier to both countries. And even Taiwan, branded by the communists in Beijing as a renegade province, is forging stronger economic ties with the mainland.
A Brief History of Global Evolution
Well over , Taiwanese businesspeople work in China, where they run huge factories that churn out notebooks, monitors and cellphones. Yet politically and militarily, both nations are eyeing one another warily. Beijing's threat to forcibly retake Taiwan - should the island declare independence - represents the biggest potential conflict with the United States. If that happens, Washington is required by law to consider Taiwan an issue "of serious concern.
The volatility of the situation in eastern Asia became obvious last November when a nuclear-powered Chinese submarine slipped into Japan's territorial waters near Taiwan. In the aftermath of the incident, the United States and its loyal ally Japan jointly announced for the first time their strategic interest in the security of Taiwan.
Dueling Titans: China, the US and Battle to Lead a Globalized World
Resource-poor Japan gets 90 percent of its oil imports through the shipping lanes near the island. In their own search for raw materials, the Chinese have even cut deals with regimes in Iran and Sudan, which Big Oil has tended to shun for political reasons. In addition, Sinopec will be playing a major role in Iranian crude production. China's close partnership with Sudan has also prompted concern. As a result of the atrocities in Darfur, the West has ostracized the country's leaders.
But not the Chinese. Through a subsidiary, the company is building a refinery with a capacity of 2. The African country now supplies an estimated 8 percent of China's oil imports. The deal with Beijing is also paying political dividends for Khartoum. With China holding a veto on the U. Security Council, Sudan has little reason to fear international sanctions for human rights violations.